Anti-shock plate - the layout of the rubber tug pad of the ship tug. The layout device is on the outer side of the hull. The layout includes the upper splint battle splint with the same shape on the hull. The upper splint has a rubber anti-ply between the high splint. Flip the pad, the upper splint, the high splint and the rubber anti-flip pad have a plurality of coupling holes at the respective positions, and the bolts are inserted into the coupling holes.
The effect of the original utility model is that the high and low splint of the layout is welded on the hull, the welding is large, the inductive force is separated, and the collision of the ships is prevented, and the inductive force is applied to make the bolts weld. The splint does not only act as a flow, but Cherish the probation, prevent the ship from taking the big ship to slide or smash and destroy or squeeze out the rubber anti-flip pad to improve the tranquility of the ship when it is snoring. The frugal replacement of the rubber anti-flip pad has also eliminated the ship's temporary stop. At the same time, the indirect device of the rubber anti-collision pad was processed and easily destroyed on the hull.
The advantages and disadvantages of the rubber fender always restrict the use of the production berth, which plagues the ship to take the voyage of the ship and the tranquility of the ship, which affects the timing of the production vessel conditioning.
In order to reduce the impact force of the ship when it is away from the mooring of the ship, it is necessary to prevent the damage caused by the indirect collision of the ship's ship, and the ship's front edge must be equipped with anti-shock facilities. In 1970, all ports in China have gradually adopted rubber fenders.
The rubber fenders adopted by the current high-ranking countries are divided into five types: tightening type, inflatable type, shear type, migration type and water pressure type. The first two types are adopted more widely. At present, most of the rubber fenders adopted in various ports in China are domestic compact type fenders, including cylindrical type, D type, V type, drum type, drift type and foam rubber type.
The distance between the rubber fenders and the pitch of the rubber fenders is very important. It is necessary to ensure that the ship is in the standard permit and has no high angle of berthing. It may not indirectly touch the ship's stern wall, and should ensure that the ship is not in the same tide level and without the same draught. Quiet berthing, strong adaptability for ships that do not have the same tonnage.
When selecting the first, second and third phase fenders resettlement plan for the coal defensive coal ship, the prerequisites for the quiet homework of the ship without the same type of tonnage must be satisfied. It actually reflects the ship's request for the wave protection level.
Solid rubber fenders (non-drift type) are anti-collision facilities that use a ship with a long history and a wide range of use. According to the rubber fender force condition, it is divided into shear type, migration transformation type and tight compression type; according to the layout of the fender, the solid rubber fender is divided into D type, cone shape, drum type, sector shape, rectangle shape, circle Tubular fenders and so on.
The front of the rubber fender is provided with a steel frame, which greatly reduces the pressure in the ship's slab. If necessary, the pressure in the ship is up to 25 tons/m2, which is suitable for large ships to berth; The front of the steel frame device lifts the inner plate to reduce the friction coefficient, so that the berthing shear force is greatly reduced.
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